How Do ERC-404 Tokens Benefit NFT Owners?


Understanding ERC-404

The ERC-404 is a fresh token standard that introduces an idea where several wallets can share ownership of one NFT. This concept came from two mystery developers named “ctrl” and “Acme.” They launched a test token on Ethereum. They aim to improve NFTs by adding features like “native fractionalisation, liquidity, and encouraging trading/engagement to grow unique traits.”

How do ERC404 Tokens Work?

In simpler terms, ERC-404 tokens use smart contracts to split and collectively own NFTs. Each token is like a piece of an NFT puzzle, and the total tokens available represent all the pieces. You can get single tokens or gather enough to “burn” them for the whole NFT.

This setup not only boosts NFT market activity but also makes it easier for everyone to access valuable digital assets. It opens up new ways to manage and trade assets. Here’s a closer look at how ERC-404 tokens work:

Mixing ERC-20 and ERC-721 Standards: ERC-404 tokens act as both regular (fungible) and unique (non-fungible) tokens, blending features from both types by connecting each regular token to a unique NFT.

Sharing NFT Ownership: One interesting thing about ERC-404 tokens is they let you own just a piece of an NFT. By linking a regular token to an NFT, you can split the NFT into smaller parts that can be traded. This setup makes NFTs easier to buy and sell.

Creating and Removing Tokens: When you trade parts of an NFT token, the actual NFT can be made or removed. Selling a piece burns the linked NFT while combining pieces makes a new NFT. This system makes swaps and adjusts NFT ownership smoothly based on regular token transactions.

Read more: What is ERC 20 tokens

The Hype Around ERC-404 Standard

The ERC-404 standard is making waves in the blockchain and NFT world, sparking excitement and interest across crypto communities and beyond. This standard tackles key challenges in the NFT market, including:

Revolutionising NFT Access with Fractional Ownership: Unlike traditional NFTs that are whole and non-divisible, ERC-404 allows for fractional ownership. This breakthrough means that valuable NFTs, once exclusive to a few, are now open to a wider audience, creating a more inclusive trading environment. Picture owning a share of digital art or virtual real estate with a global community – ERC-404 makes this a reality.

Exploring New Horizons in DeFi: By integrating fractional NFTs into DeFi platforms, ERC-404 opens up innovative financial possibilities. From using NFTs as collateral for loans to participating in yield farming, this standard bridges art and finance, enriching DeFi and introducing novel investment avenues.

Seizing Early Opportunities: The nature of ERC-404 has attracted early adopters and investors eager to explore its potential. This standard is a hotbed for innovation, where today’s risk-takers and visionaries can shape tomorrow’s digital landscape. Projects like “Pandora” leveraging ERC-404 have shown impressive market performance, highlighting the standard’s disruptive potential and investment appeal.

Challenges of Adopting the ERC-404 Token Standard

Here are some things to consider when dealing with ERC-404 tokens:

  1. Liquidity Challenges: While ERC-404 aims to enhance NFT liquidity through fractional ownership, actual token liquidity can vary based on factors like user engagement, platform support, and market conditions.
  2. Limited Adoption: ERC-404 is relatively new and has fewer projects and users when compared to established standards like ERC-20 and ERC-721.
  3. Technical Hurdles: Implementing ERC-404 involves technical complexities and potential security risks that need further refinement.
  4. Speculative Nature: Investing in ERC-404 projects is speculative due to their experimental nature.

What is The Future of ERC-404 Tokens

ERC-404 is changing the landscape of crypto and especially Ethereum pragmatically. As NFTs are getting widespread, being used in art, games etc. their values and utility increase as well. As NFTs are becoming more valuable, the ability to own their parts becomes valuable for those who want to participate. This opens the window of opportunity for those who can’t buy a whole valuable NFT. The future of ERC-404 directly correlates with the popularity and use cases of NFT.


ERC-404 token standard facilitates partial ownership, varied use cases as well as the liquidity of an NFT. This innovative approach is looking forward to bringing big changes in the NFT industry. It is made to increase the trading and engagement for NFTs. This gives a unique opportunity to benefit multiple parties as the value of an NFT increases. As the value of an NFT increases, the value of its parts or shares also goes up. Those parts can be traded as well like a regular token. However, this is a fairly new concept in the experimental phase and comes with challenges. Made for changing the landscape of NFTs, it will be interesting to see how it performs and changes the market sentiment.

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Disclaimer: Crypto products and NFTs are unregulated and can be highly risky. There may be no regulatory recourse for any loss from such transactions. Each investor must do his/her own research or seek independent advice if necessary before initiating any transactions in crypto products and NFTs. The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in the article belong solely to the author, and not to ZebPay or the author’s employer or other groups or individuals. ZebPay shall not be held liable for any acts or omissions, or losses incurred by the investors. ZebPay has not received any compensation in cash or kind for the above article and the article is provided “as is”, with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or of the results obtained from the use of this information.

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