What is Crypto Hedge Funds? A Complete Guide


A hedge fund is an investment entity that employs different methods to achieve significant profits for its investors. The term “hedge fund” originates from their initial purpose of hedging against market fluctuations to reduce risk. However, their functionality has expanded, leading to more intricate and varied investment frameworks. These funds are usually accessible to accredited or wealthy investors and are not governed by the same rules as conventional investment funds. This grants fund managers greater freedom in choosing investment strategies and allows them to assume increased risk levels. So, what exactly are crypto hedge funds?

What is a Crypto Hedge Fund?

Crypto hedge funds aren’t ordinary funds; they’re experts at handling crypto money and assets. The­ir goal? Making smart moves to boost investor returns. They buy and sell cryptos, trade crypto derivatives, and play the crypto futures market. In simple­ terms, a crypto hedge fund links inve­stors to skilled traders, allowing investors to tap into the­ digital asset world. Some crypto hedge funds only deal with crypto assets. Others ble­nd crypto with stocks, bonds, and traditional investments. They might also invest in new blockchain businesses through venture capital funding. This diverse approach strengthens their digital asset management skills. 

How Do Crypto Hedge Funds Operate?

Generally, hedge funds operate under limited partnerships and are professionally managed by fund managers who gather funds from investors. However, participation in hedge funds, including those dealing with crypto, is usually restricted to affluent individuals who can manage higher management fees and related risks. To enter crypto hedge funds, individuals typically must meet specific investment criteria. Access may also require accreditation, ensuring investors meet financial standards or possess a certain level of experience.

Once they qualify, investors get access to skilled fund managers. These pros decide which crypto assets to buy, sell, and manage within a dive­rse portfolio. The aim? Maximizing returns in the ever-changing digital realm. Crypto hedge funds earn revenue through yearly management fees, usually 1-4% of the invested amount. Investors may also pay a cut of profits as performance fees to the management team. 

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Benefits of Investing in Crypto Hedge Funds 

  • Portfolio Diversification

Many investors primarily rely on traditional investment options like mutual funds, overlooking the critical aspect of diversification. This can be a limiting factor. Crypto hedge funds offer a compelling alternative, enabling investors to diversify their investment portfolios and explore new opportunities, especially for those interested in high-risk products.

  • Potential for High Returns

Crypto hedge funds thrive when crypto asset prices rise and don’t trade their shares on public exchanges. Traditional hedge funds often actively buy and sell crypto to profit from price swings. Given crypto’s volatility, funds managed via active strategies (leveraged trading, arbitrage, and algorithms) or passive approaches by crypto hedge funds can potentially yield exceptional returns for bold investors willing to weather the risks.

Risks Associated with Crypto Hedge Funds

  • Volatility

The inherent nature of crypto assets and their associated elements is marked by volatility, which contributes significantly to their riskiness. This volatility can lead to substantial gains or losses of invested capital in activities related to buying and selling digital coins. In the management of a crypto hedge fund, this risk is amplified if the strategy chosen is not appropriate.

  • High Fees

Crypto hedge funds typically impose fees on investors for management services and returns. Management charges usually lie between 1% and 4% of a fund’s net worth. 2% is a typical fee. Profit-based fees often hover around 20% of yearly gains, though the percentage could vary widely from 10% to 50%. These fees might also be influenced by previous years’ losses, as the fund may prioritize recovering past losses before distributing profits. 

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How to Choose a Crypto Hedge Fund?

  • Conduct thorough research

Before investing, thorough research is crucial. Insights from research assist investors in making well-informed choices and avoiding unnecessary risks. Comprehensive research enables grasping a crypto hedge fund’s core aspects like investment approach, track record, team expe­rtise, and performance history.

  • Investment strategy 

A robust investment strategy differentiates substantial gains from losses, serving as a blueprint for generating returns. Evaluating the fund’s investment strategy allows gauging alignment with one’s investment aims. Understanding the instruments utilized provides insights into investment methodologies. This knowledge allows for comprehending potential portfolio impacts. For instance, clarity on exchange-traded funds (ETFs) usage and their role aids in assessing portfolio diversification. 

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  • Transparency 

Transparency regarding the asset manager’s token selection criteria is advisable. This includes factors like market capitalization, liquidity, project fundamentals, and technological innovation. This information aids in understanding the manager’s investment philosophy and facilitating alignment with one’s risk tolerance and investment goals. 

  • Regulatory compliance

Verifying the regulatory compliance of an asset manager is paramount to ensuring adherence to legal frameworks. Given the inherent risks of investing, including market, operational, cybersecurity, and regulatory risks, evaluating the fund’s risk management framework becomes crucial. This involves strategies for identifying, assessing, and mitigating various risks, ultimately enabling investors to make informed decisions while managing risk effectively. 

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The growth of the crypto hedge fund sector has simplified capital management for both individual and institutional investors, allowing for diversified investment strategies. Offering the advantages of traditional funds alongside expanded opportunities, crypto hedge funds present a valuable tool for handling crypto assets. Elite hedge funds give investors access to great returns. They make due diligence and monitoring easier and cheaper. As crypto rules get clearer and use grows, the sector expects many institutional investors. We’ll also see more crypto venture capital groups and hedge funds emerge. This should drive more growth and progress in the industry.

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Disclaimer: Crypto products and NFTs are unregulated and can be highly risky. There may be no regulatory recourse for any loss from such transactions. Each investor must do his/her own research or seek independent advice if necessary before initiating any transactions in crypto products and NFTs. The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in the article belong solely to the author, and not to ZebPay or the author’s employer or other groups or individuals. ZebPay shall not be held liable for any acts or omissions, or losses incurred by the investors. ZebPay has not received any compensation in cash or kind for the above article and the article is provided “as is”, with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or of the results obtained from the use of this information.

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